About Nepal

Nepal is a small country situated between two giants; China and India. Despite its size, Nepal is a rich country in terms of natural beauty, culture, tradition, and history. With diverse land topography, flora, and fauna, and over 100 ethnic groups and language spoken, Nepal is one of the best travel destinations in the world whether it is for adventure activities, exploring the flora and fauna or discovering the culture, tradition, and history. The history and culture of Nepal date back to more than 2000 years which we can see by exploring the Kathmandu Valley and the only country with the non-quadrilateral flag that acts as both the state flag and civil flag of a sovereign nation. Home to some of the highest peak including the highest of all, Mt.Everest(8848 M), the birthplace of Lord Buddha and some of the rare and endangered species like Snow Leopard, One-Horned Rhinoceros and Royal Bengal Tiger, visiting Nepal offers a great experience.


Facts of Nepal

1.Government
Official Name: Government of Nepal
Prime Minister – K.P. Oli 
President–Bidhya Devi Bhandari 

2.Political System
Parliamentary republic with a multi-party system.

3.Geography
Area: 1,47,181 sq km
Lowest Point:  Mukhiyapatti Musharniya (59 M), Dhanusa district
Highest Point: Mt.Everest (8848 M)
Border: Tibet (China) to the North East and the rest with India
Geographical Regions: Himalaya Region. Hilly Region and Terai Region

4.Administrative  Divisions
Capital: Kathmandu
Development Regions: 5
Province: 7
Districts: 77
Municipalities: 293 urban municipalities, and 460 rural municipalities

5.Population- 26,494,504
6.Ethnic groups- 125
7.Language- 123
8.Religion- Hindu, Buddhist, Christian, Islam, Kirat, Bon, Shamanism, Jain, Sikh, etc.   
9.Currency- Nepalese Rupees

10.Protected Areas

Conservation Areas- 6
National Parks- 12
Hunting Reserve- 1
Wildlife Reserve- 1                          

11.World Heritage Sites
a.Kathmandu Valley
- Kathmandu Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Swyombhunath Stupa, Boudhanath Stupa, Changunarayan Temple and Pashupatinath Temple
b.Lumbini The birthplace of Lord Buddha
c.Chitwan National Park
d.Sagarmatha National Park


12.Flora and Fauna
Mammals-208 species(5.5% of the whole world)
Reptiles- Around 70 species
Birds-886 species(9.5% of the whole world)
Vegetations(Algae, Fungi, Lichen, Bryophyte, Pteridophyte, Gymnosperm and Angiosperm)-11971 species

Nepal eight highest mountain in the world 

 
Name of the Mountain 
 

Height

 

World rank

Mt. Everest 8848 M 1
Mt. Kanchenjunga 8586 M 3
Mt. Lhotse 8516 M 4
Mt. Makalu 8463 M 5
Mt. Cho Oyu 8201 M 6
Mt. Dhaulagiri 8167 M 7
Mt. Manaslu 8163 M 8
Mt. Annapurna 8091 M 10