About Nepal

Nepal is a small landlocked country situated between two giants; China and India. Despite its size, Nepal is a rich country in terms of natural beauty, culture, tradition, and history. With diverse land topography, flora, and fauna, and over 125 ethnic groups and languages spoken, Nepal is one of the best travel destinations in the world whether it is for adventure activities, exploring flora and fauna, or discovering the culture, tradition, and history. The history and culture of Nepal date back to more than 2000 years which we can see by exploring the Kathmandu Valley and the only country with a non-quadrilateral flag that acts as both the state flag and civil flag of a sovereign nation. Home to some of the highest peaks including the highest of all, Mt.Everest(8848 M), Lord Buddha's birthplace, and some rare and endangered species like Snow Leopard, One-Horned Rhinoceros, and Royal Bengal Tiger, visiting Nepal offers a great experience.

Facts of Nepal

1. Government
Official Name: Federal Parliamentary Republic
Prime Minister - Pushpa Kamal Dahal
President - Ram Chandra Poudel
Vice President - Ram Sahaya Yadav
Chief Justice - Bishowambhar Prasad Shrestha

2. Geography
Area: 1,47,516 sq km
Lowest Point:  Mukhiyapatti Musharniya (59 M), Dhanusa district
Highest Point: Mt.Everest (8848.86 M)
Border: Tibet (China) to the North East and the rest with India
Geographical Regions: Himalaya Region. Hilly Region and Terai Region

4. Administrative  Divisions
Capital: Kathmandu
Development Regions: 5
Province: 7
Districts: 77
Municipalities: 293 urban municipalities, and 460 rural municipalities

5. Demography
Ethnic groups- 125
Language- 123
Religion- Hindu, Buddhist, Christian, Islam, Kirat, Bon, Shamanism, Jain, Sikh, etc.   

6. Economy
GDP (2019) -
$34.186 billion
Currency- Nepalese Rupee (NPR)

7. Protected Areas
Conservation Areas
i. Annapurna Conservation Area – 7,629 km2 (2,946 sq mi)
ii. Kanchenjunga Conservation Area – 2,035 km2 (786 sq mi)
iii. Manaslu Conservation Area – 1,663 km2 (642 sq mi)
iv. Blackbuck Conservation Area – 15.95 km2 (6.16 sq mi)
v. Api Nampa Conservation Area – 1,903 km2 (735 sq mi)
vi. Gaurishankar Conservation Area – 2,179 km2 (841 sq mi)

National Parks
i. Chitwan National Park – 952.63 km2 (367.81 sq mi)
ii. Sagarmatha National Park – 1,148 km2 (443 sq mi)
iii. Langtang National Park – 1,710 km2 (660 sq mi)
iv. Rara National Park – 106 km2 (41 sq mi)
v. Khaptad National Park – 225 km2 (87 sq mi)
vi. Shey Phoksundo National Park – 3,555 km2 (1,373 sq mi)
vii. Bardiya National Park – 968 km2 (374 sq mi)
viii. Makalu Barun National Park – 1,500 km2 (580 sq mi)
ix. Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park – 159 km2 (61 sq mi)
x. Banke National Park – 550 km2 (210 sq mi)
xi. Shuklaphanta National Park – 305 km2 (118 sq mi)
xii. Parsa National Park – 637 km2 (246 sq mi)

Hunting Reserve
i. Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve – 1,325 km2 (512 sq mi)

Wildlife Reserve
i. Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve – 175 km2 (68 sq mi)

Ramsar Sites (Wetlands)
i. Bishazari Tal – 3,200 ha (12 sq mi)
ii. Ghodaghodi Tal – 2,563 ha (9.90 sq mi)
iii. Gokyo Lake Complex – 7,770 ha (30.0 sq mi)
iv. Gosaikunda – 13.8 ha (34 acres)
v. Jagdishpur Reservoir – 225 ha (0.87 sq mi)
vi. Kosi Tappu Wildlife Reserve – 17,500 ha (68 sq mi)
vii. Mai Pokhari – 90 ha (220 acres)
viii. Phoksundo Lake – 494 ha (1.91 sq mi)
ix. Rara Lake – 1,583 ha (6.11 sq mi)
x. Lake Cluster of Pokhara Valley – 261.1 km2 (100.8 sq mi)

8. UNESCO World Heritage Sites
i. Kathmandu Valley - Kathmandu Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Swyombhunath Stupa, Boudhanath Stupa, Changunarayan Temple, and Pashupatinath Temple
ii. Lumbini The birthplace of Lord Buddha
iii. Chitwan National Park
iv. Sagarmatha National Park

9. Bio-diversity
i. Mammals -208 species(5.5% of the whole world)
ii. Reptiles - Around 70 species
iii. Birds - 886 species(9.5% of the whole world)
iv. Vegetations(Algae, Fungi, Lichen, Bryophyte, Pteridophyte, Gymnosperm, and Angiosperm) -11971 species

10. Nepal's eighth 8000m peaks  

Name of the Mountain                                       

Height World rank
Mt. Everest 8848.86 M 1
Mt. Kanchenjunga 8586 M 3
Mt. Lhotse 8516 M 4
Mt. Makalu 8463 M 5
Mt. Cho Oyu 8201 M 6
Mt. Dhaulagiri 8167 M 7
Mt. Manaslu 8163 M 8
Mt. Annapurna 8091 M 10